Abbottabad is a city in the Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, in northeastern Pakistan. It is 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of the country's capital Islamabad, 139 kilometres (81 mi) from Rawalpindi and 150 kilometres (93 mi) northeast of provincial capital Peshawar, at an altitude of 1,260 metres (4,134 ft) and is the capital of the Abbottabad District. The city is well known throughout Pakistan for its pleasant weather, high-standard educational institutions and for hosting the Pakistan Military Academy in Kakul. It remains a popular hill station attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists every year. Abbottabad has been an attractive tourist destination since the colonial era, as it is a favorable transit point to all major tourist regions of Pakistan such as Nathia Gali and Naran. In the summer when temperatures rise to well above 45 degrees Celsius in Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, a large number of tourists travel north to Abbottabad. The Karakoram, Himalayas and the Hindu Kush ranges can be approached from Abbottabad which therefore serves as a base for visiting numerous nearby places, such as Hunza, Gilgit, Skardu and Indus Kohistan, of the Karakoram Range. Geographically, the city is bounded at all four sides by the Sarban hills, from which residents and tourists can see breathtaking views of the region and the city. The location of the city and the hills allow Abbottabad to experience pleasant weather in the summer and cold winters. The Dor river flows south of Abbottabad through the town of Harnoi, eventually reaching Tarbela Dam, west of Abbottabad. Neighbouring districts are Mansehra to the north, Muzaffarabad to the east, Haripur to the west and Islamabad Capital Territory to the south. Abbottabad has a humid subtropical climate, with mild to warm temperatures during the spring and autumn months, hot temperatures during June and July, and cool to mild temperatures during the winter. Snowfall occurs occasionally in December and January, though it is sparse, while heavy rainfall occurs during the monsoon season stretching from July to September that frequently cause flooding in lower lying parts of the city.