Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – Land of the Valiant Pakhtuns (abbreviated as KP; Urdu: خیبر پختونخوا; Pashto: خیبر پښتونخوا), is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border of Afghanistan. Previously known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) it was renamed in 2010, following a growing demand by local political representatives to reflect the dominant ethnic group of the province (Pakhtuns).
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's provincial capital and largest city is Peshawar, with Mardan being the second-largest. It shares borders with the Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the west; Gilgit-Baltistan to the northeast; Azad Kashmir, Islamabad and Punjab to the east and southeast. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa does not officially share a border with Baluchistan, which instead borders Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa also shares an international border with Afghanistan, to which the province is linked via the historic Khyber Pass.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the third-largest province of Pakistan by the size of both population and economy though it is geographically the smallest of the four. It comprises 10.5% of Pakistan’s economy, and is home to 11.9% of Pakistan’s total population, with the majority of the inhabitant’s being Pakhtuns, Hazarewal, Chitrali and Kohsitanis.